Corruption is an insidious plague that has a wide range of corrosive effects on societies. It undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to violations of human rights, distorts markets, erodes the quality of life and allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish. This evil phenomenon is found in all countries—big and small, rich and poor—but it is in the developing world that its effects are most destructive.

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Chapter VII: Mechanisms for Implementation

Article 63.    Conference of the States Parties to the Convention A Conference of the States Parties to the Convention is hereby established to improve the capacity of and cooperation between States Parties to achieve the objectives set forth in this Convention and to promote and review its implementation. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the Conference of the States Parties not later than one year following the entry

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Chapter VI Technical Assistance and Information Exchange

Article 60. Training and technical assistance Each State Party shall, to the extent necessary, initiate, develop or improve specific training programmes for its personnel responsible for preventing and combating corruption. Such training programmes could deal, inter alia, with the following areas: Effective measures to prevent, detect, investigate, punish and control corruption, including the use of evidence-gathering and investigative methods; Building

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Chapter V: Asset Recovery

Article 51.    General provision The return of assets pursuant to this chapter is a fundamental principle of this Convention, and States Parties shall afford one another the widest measure of cooperation and assistance in this regard.   Article 52.    Prevention and detection of transfers of proceeds of crime Without prejudice to article 14 of this Convention, each State Party shall take such measures as may be necessary, in accordance

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Chapter IV: International cooperation (Article 43 – 50)

Article 43.    International cooperation States Parties shall cooperate in criminal matters in accordance with articles 44 to 50 of this Convention. Where appropriate and consistent with their domestic legal system, States Parties shall consider assisting each other in investigations of and proceedings in civil and administrative matters relating to corruption. In matters of international cooperation, whenever dual criminality is considered a

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Chapter III: Criminalization and Law Enforcement

Article 15.    Bribery of national public officials Each State Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures as may be necessary to establish as criminal offences, when committed intentionally: The promise, offering or giving, to a public official, directly or indirectly, of an undue advantage, for the official himself or herself or another person or entity, in order that the official act or refrain from acting in the exercise of his or

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Chapter II: Preventive measures

Article 5.    Preventive anti-corruption policies and practices  Each State Party shall, in accordance with the fundamental principles of its legal system, develop and implement or maintain effective, coordinated anti-corruption policies that promote the participation of society and reflect the principles of the rule of law, proper management of public affairs and public property, integrity, transparency and accountability. Each State Party shall

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Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1.    Statement of purpose The purposes of this Convention are: (a)  To promote and strengthen measures to prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively; (b)  To promote, facilitate and support international cooperation and technical assistance in the prevention of and fight against corruption, including in asset recovery; (c)   To promote integrity, accountability and proper management of public affairs and public

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Annex: United Nations Convention against Corruption.

Preamble The States Parties to this Convention, Concerned about the seriousness of problems and threats posed by corruption to the stability and security of societies, undermining the institutions and values of democracy, ethical values and justice and jeopardizing sustainable development and the rule of law, Concerned also about the links between corruption and other forms of crime, in particular organized crime and economic crime, including money-

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(UNCAC) General Assembly resolution 58/4 of 31 October 2003.

United Nations Convention against Corruption The General Assembly, Recalling its resolution 55/61 of 4 December 2000, in which it established an ad hoc committee for the negotiation of an effective international legal instrument against corruption and requested the Secretary-General to convene an intergovernmental open-ended expert group to examine and prepare draft terms of reference for the negotiation of such an instrument, and its resolution

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